Canada’s “residential schools” system was set up in the late 19th century to assimilate native peoples into Canadian society. Children were separated from their families in an effort to strip them of their traditional cultures.
In the schools, children were forbidden to speak their language or practise their own culture. Many children also suffered physical and sexual abuse. Over 150,000 children passed through the school system and the last one was closed as recently as 1996.
A 2015 report from Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission said what happened in the schools amounted to “cultural genocide.” The report called for a papal apology to survivors as part of the reconciliation process.
“I told him how important it is for Canadians to move forward on real reconciliation with the indigenous peoples and I highlighted how he could help by issuing an apology,” Trudeau told reporters after meeting the pope in Rome.