4 Oct 2016

In the year of Stalin’s death in 1953, America was a novel, which sold in large numbers, – “Fahrenheit 451” by ray Bradbury. As you know, the Americans – a nation that clings to their features, we even have different measures of weights, lengths, weights. They have gallons, pints, miles. In particular, it is not Celsius, but Fahrenheit. And Fahrenheit 451 is the temperature at which paper burns. It is written in the Preface to this novel is dystopian.

This dystopian novel has a connection with Christian eschatology. Utopia is heralded a wonderful future that will inevitably come, if you work hard. A dystopia told the people about what a nightmare awaits us under the banner of breakthrough to happiness.

To see people in different countries. Huxley, for example, to see in America, Zamyatin in Russia. And Bradbury has seen the light too. He wrote a book with pain about the book. With the pain that her stop reading. And over time, he develops the idea of the uselessness of books in the modern world to the extreme of logical absurdity.

In 1951, according to statistics, in America there were 10 million personal TVs. Every second or third family there had their own television transmitter. We came to this much later.

And there TV replaced a lot. And is with food digestible, and pop culture in its various manifestations, and TV series – all that befell the man in the street. Bradbury describes the fantastic future where TV is replaced people, not only the book, but even relatives. The rich people all four walls are covered in screens, and those who are poorer – one or two.

And they rush home just to sit in a chair to watch the show in which they themselves almost to the participants. To the family and friends are treated like characters. They are completely immersed in this off-screen reality. And all this against the background that the country in which the action takes place – States, constantly at war. She is someone that bombs somebody is threatening to bomb it. And while the townsfolk do not emerge from the TV, the army with the someone grapple. And in order that people are not worried about coming zinc coffins, they need to be sticking my head in the TV.

The book was not needed. Moreover, it became dangerous. It creates a different fantasy, illusion. And received up a book is a threat to society. So Bradbury thinks about the society of the future. And the first book just stopped typing. And then firemen, idleness, was ordered to burn books. Why idleness? Because using the latest technologies, nothing will not burn. The plastic is not lit, and the wood soaked all you to burn. That is, there is no fire. But the firefighters there. They drive around in special cars, filled with not water, but kerosene.This they poured kerosene on the books that find, and burn it. And the people who keep the books, unreliable.

Shakespeare is banned. Banned Copernicus, banned Yates, under the ban, but banned Kafka, banned Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. The Bible, of course, also banned. It is, in General, the idea is in the spirit of dreams Verkhovensky. We don’t need education, said Verhovensky, because education is already the aristocracy. If you know more, you have above others. Come on, get down, flying the plane. We don’t need Copernicus, to strangle in the cradle. Cut the Shakespeares head. Newtons too quickly to the gallows. We don’t need no aristocracy. Everything should be the same.Stupid and equally blunt.

Owner turns into kulturtregerskih product that is able to pull a person from a certain dullness and tear him away from the TV, to make you think about those things, about which to think is harmful. It is thought-crime. The pen wizard describes a fracture in my soul a fire that burned books, and then dragged a couple in their uniforms. Started to read on the subway, and was the sacrament of his change of heart. Because the printed text, serious words in a printed text can, of course, to hit the man a blow, which drives the sleep of reason.

And then start the serious stuff. Man becomes an enemy of the system. The will to survive makes him a fugitive. He finds others like him, enemies of the system, like the catacomb Christians. They leave cities, hide in an abandoned quarry, just as under Nero, in the time of Peter and Paul. And each of them carries within the memory of some piece of culture. For example, someone who is learning by heart “Rubaie” from Khayyam. And somebody teaches Euclidean geometry or Shakespeare’s sonnets. Learns other Christmas stories by Dickens or “Flower tales”.Each of them seems to be: Mr. Shakespeare, Mr. Dickens, Mr. Khayyam. Has anyone memorized the Song of Solomon from the Bible. The other knows of the Psalms of King David.

They run away from the accursed civilization, carrying in his mind a real civilization. Scary book, actually. But worthy to read it. Because, in the form of antidotes, in the form of vaccinations, this book is able to give us a reappraisal of the place of books in our life. And how horrible a world in which I stopped reading. And what a nightmare is waiting for a world in which the owner no longer needed.

In General, take and read. The words addressed to St. Augustine – whether an angel, or a praying child, it could not be appropriate. Take and read. Read this book, read other books. Only, for God’s sake, read to come a time when instead of articulate speech, we will begin to grunt and bark. But people at risk to grunt and bark, if you stop to read. And that’s not the worst of what he’s capable of.

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