How The Swiss National Bank Almost Crushed George Soros
How The Swiss National Bank Almost Crushed George Soros
Tyler Durden’s pictureSubmitted by Tyler Durden on 01/23/2015 12:52 -0500
Minutes after last week’s Swiss National Bank shocker, jokingly we mused:
Will be ironic if Soros was long EURCHF
— zerohedge (@zerohedge) January 15, 2015
… because there would be nothing more ironic if the man who “broke the Bank of England” ended up being FXCMed himself by another central bank, over two decades later and just as he was set to finally retire, at the age of 84, formally, something he supposedly announced in Davos yesterday.
As it turns out, we were almost correct, and according to the WSJ, Soros Fund Management, which manages more than $25 billion for investor George Soros, was betting against the Swiss franc in the fall before it removed those bearish positions. Why did the Soros so conveniently take off a bet which, with leverage, could have resulted in massive losses for his hedge fund? The WSJ says he did so after “viewing the risk as too high relative to potential gains, said people close to the matter.” Well as long as “people close” think Soros did not have input directly from the Swiss central bank, or perhaps the occasional hint from Kashya Hildebrand, then one can’t help but marvel at the octogenarian’s impeccable timing.
As a result, the franc’s surge last week didn’t have a major impact on Mr. Soros’s firm’s profits, “these people said.” Naturally, if Soros was still short the CHF, he would have suffered massive losses.
Curiously, Soros wasn’t the only one to “luckily” pull his bearish CHF exposure ahead of the 30% move: Brevan Howard Asset Management, run by billionaire Alan Howard , was profiting from a negative bet on the Swiss franc against the dollar before it cut back shortly before the Swiss currency soared. Brevan’s flagship $23.7 billion fund gained 0.8% last week, taking gains for this year to 1.9%.
So Soros and Brevan were spared due to some truly impeccable timing. Others were not as lucky. Here is a quick recap of all the hedge funds (excluding the numerous retail FX brokers such as FXCM that blew up in the aftermath) that have been known to have suffered terminal or partial, but still cripppling, losses. We already know about
Marko Dimitrijevic, who survived at least five emerging market debt crises, is closing his largest hedge fund after losing virtually all its money when the SNB unexpectedly let the franc trade freely against the euro, according to a person familiar with the firm. Everest Capital’s Global Fund had about $830 million in assets as of the end of December, according to a client report. The Miami-based firm, which specializes in emerging markets, still manages seven funds with about $2.2 billion in assets. The global fund, the firm’s oldest, was betting the Swiss franc would decline, said the person. A spokesman declined to comment on the losses. Calls to Dimitrijevic weren’t returned.
Michael Platt’s BlueCrest Capital Management lost 5.5 percent in its macroeconomic fund through Jan. 16, two people with knowledge of the matter said. Amid the losses, Luke Halestrap and Peter McGarry left the $15 billion Jersey-based firm and BlueCrest shut a portfolio run by currency money manager, Peter Von Maydell, according to people with knowledge of the decisions. Von Maydell, Halestrap and McGarry didn’t reply to e-mails and telephone messages seeking comment.
Comac Capital, the $1.2 billion firm run by Colm O’Shea, is returning money to clients after it lost 8 percent from the franc surge. The declines bring its loss this month to 10 percent, according to a person familiar with the matter. London-based Comac will continue to trade with internal money, the person said. A spokesman declined to comment.
Fortress Investment Group’s main macro hedge fund lost 7.6 percent last week, a period during which markets were roiled by movements in the Swiss franc. The macro fund’s decline last week brought its losses this year to 7.9 percent, Reuters reported, citing a letter to investors. Fortress didn’t give a reason for the loss in the letter, according to Reuters. Gordon Runte, a spokesman for Fortress, declined to comment.
SaxoBank moments ago reported it would lose up to $107 million on the Swiss Bank move.
But while the vast majority of “hedged” speculators were massively short the CHF into the Swiss announcement, there were some who bet against the central bank, and made huge profits.
First and foremost among these, Quaesta Capital AG: “The firm, which oversees $3 billion in Pfäffikon, Switzerland, bought options “a considerable time” ago betting that the euro would drop below 1.20 francs, said Chief Executive Thomas Suter.”
Those bets paid off last Thursday, when the Swiss National Bank ’s decision sent the franc soaring against the euro and delivered a boost to investors in a $120 million Quaesta strategy that is up at least 14% this year, according to a letter to investors.
“We immediately knew that it was going to be a very, very good day for this strategy and its investors,” said Mr. Suter, who said the firm made the bet because of its low cost and high potential rewards.
Omni Partners was another such winner, which “locked in a small profit, by making small trades that it closed out the same day following the massive franc-euro swing, according to a person familiar with the matter. Omni Partners has about $1 billion under management in London.
London-based macro hedge fund Rubicon Global was down 2.3% at the end of the first full week of January but recouped most of those losses, helped by a positive bet on the Swiss franc, said a person familiar with the matter. Rubicon declined to comment.
Stockholm-based Lynx Asset Management, which manages $5.5 billion, gained more than 2% last week, helped by bets against the euro. The firm is up about 4% this year to Jan. 16, said a person who has seen the numbers.
We expect to learn about even more victims and casualties in the coming days as career-ending margin calls can only be pushed straight to voicemail for so long.
As for everyone in the investing world else who was spared the violent move either to the up or downside, fear not: as more central banks retreat from currency wars, now that things are really heating up, the volatility seen last week will be merely a pleasant reminder of what is about to come as the Big Three move from mere soundbites and proceed to all out tactical FX warfare, until one day, China joins in as well. Then all bets are off.